Much of the architecture of New Mexico is Pueblo-Spanish, or adobe. Adobe buildings are constructed of adobe bricks which are mostly composed of mud and straw that are sunbaked, mortared with mud and protected with a layer of mud or cement. They are traditionally flat-roofed, which curved edges, often supported with vigas, wooden beans supporting the roof, visible in the ceiling or protruding through walls. Latillas are stripped branches layered between the vigas.
Corbels are carved wooden supports for vigas and vertical posts. A banco is a bench of plastered adobe bricks, usually, integrated into an abode wall, often found under a portal or porch.
Not all buildings of this type are true adobe. Many have been plastered over the original construction. With the arrival of the railroad in 1880, many new building components became available. You will find Territorial style featuring brick copings and pedimented windows; Victorian, typified by ornate woodwork, tall windows and gabled roofs; and Contemporary design combining adobe and frame construction.