***Diana Hacker has published
Research and Documentation Online, a Web-accessible guide that
has a section on using primary and secondary historical sources in your
research. It also includes a section on formatting citations in Chicago
it out before you begin your research.***
...features reference content and commentary by renowned scholars in areas such as global Islamic history, concepts, people, practices, politics, and culture, and is regularly updated - from the website
Includes articles from subject encyclopedias, biographies, book chapters, images & maps, primary sources, and Qur'an & concordance
Timeline from 542 - 2011
Historical dictionaries for each country of the Middle East and North
Africa and the Kurds are shelved in Reference stacks of the library.
These frequently updated dictionaries
include maps, chronologies of important events and government officials,
biographies, and brief articles on organizations, political parties,
and significant events. Occasionally, primary documents are included.
Extensive bibliographies provide supplementary resources on history,
politics, economy, demography, culture, population and society for each
Historical Atlas of the Middle East.
maps with commentary ranging in time from the ancient Middle East to
the early 1990s. Arranged chronologically and grouped by periods including
Arab Period, Muslim World, Crusaders and Muslims, Further Spread of
Islam, Ottoman World, and Twentieth Century.
Atlas of Islam: 1800 - 2000 .
maps with commentary arranged by broad topics including: geography; population; history & politics; religion; and economy
Most extensive collection is history and politics which includes maps of the Muslim world, regions, nations, empires, wars, treaties, and organizations
Population maps include ethno-linguistic groups, migration, and refugees
Economic section has maps on the water situation in Sahara, Jordon River, Euphrates, and Tigris
Encyclopaedia of Islam.
2nd ed. 12 vol. 1954-
encyclopedia with authoritative articles on the Islamic world including
religion, politics and culture that focus on the pre-modern period.
Each article is accompanied by a bibliography, many of which indicate
the consultation of non-English primary sources.
22 vol. 2007
articles written by international scholars on all aspects of Jewish
Dictionary of the Ancient Near East. 2000
articles on culture and society covering the time period from Lower
Palaeolithic to 539 B.C. Accompanying bibliographies direct the reader
to authoritative resources on the topic. Appendix lists kings of the
main dynasties chronologically.
of the Ancient Near East. 4
arranged categorically, rather than alphabetically, into 11 sections.
Topics include Ancient Near East and Western Thought, Environment, Population,
Social Institutions, History and Culture, Economy and Trade, Technology
and Artistic Production, Religion and Science, Language, Writing and
Literature, Visual and Performing Arts, and Retrospective Essays. Main
focus is on the civilizations that arose in Egypt, Syro-Palestine, Mesopotamia,
and Anatolia. Articles are written by international scholars. Timeline
of civilizations is included.
published between 1988 - 1998 to provide U.S. government officials and
citizens with information about other countries. Each book provides
the historical context for the geography, society, politics, foreign
policy and economics of a country. For
updated country profiles see Country
Previously published in print, now a part of Europa World Plus
Older volumes available in Cook Library 5th floor stacks: DS49 M5
Click on Middle East and North Africa for information arranged by country, providing a comprehensive
survey of the current political and economic situation in each country,
accompanied by a statistical survey.
Survey essays within this regional section
have covered various
topics such as Arab-Israeli Relations 1967- date, Iraq in Transition,
Documents on Palestine, Islamist Movement in the Middle East and North
Africa and Oil in the Middle East and North Africa.
Provides links to faculty articles and news pieces, occasional papers, and archived multimedia of events
Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East & North Africa.
4 vol. 2004
brief articles, arranged alphabetically, written by Middle East scholars
on culture and society, people, places, organizations, and issues, each
accompanied by a selected bibliography. Includes articles on foreign
relations between countries such as Britain, France, Germany, Russia,
and the U.S. and the Middle East. Also includes maps, genealogies, and
a thematic index of articles.
Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World. 4 vols. 1995
articles focused on the modern period from the late 18th century, reflect
the influence of Islam globally. Covers Muslim politics, society and
culture and includes bibliographies. Includes regional and country overviews
(For example, Islam in the U.S.).
Encyclopedia of the Palestinians. 2005
written by scholars on the modern period from the late Ottoman era,
but focusing mostly on the 20th century. Topics range from people and
places to politics, economics, arts, education, literature, water, and
Political Handbook of the Middle East. 2006
Political profiles of each country in the Middle East including political background, foreign relations, constitution & government, political groups, legislature, and communications.
Political Encyclopedia of the Middle East. 1999
on the political events that occurred between the 1970s - 1990s. Articles
on each state in the region as well as regional issues such as Arab
Nationalism, Arab-Israel Conflict and Peacemaking, Islamic Radicalism
and Movements, Water Politics, Military Forces, Oil, Non-Conventional
Weapons, Refugees and Migrants, Terrorism and Women. Articles also cover
religious and ethnic groups and political leaders, parties, and movements.
Contributors consist of international Middle East scholars.
The Middle East: A Political Dictionary. 1992
arranged articles categorized under sections on Political Geography
and Geopolitics, Islam, Ehtnicity and Political Culture, Political Parties
and Movements, Israelis and Palestinians, Diplomacy, and Conflict
Focus on events, movements and institutions that took place during the second
half of the 20th century
Each entry is accompanied by an analytical
section that discusses the meaning of the entry
directs the reader to specific topics within the topical arrangement
Atlas of Middle Eastern Affairs . 2010
Includes sections covering: context of the region in world affairs and geographically and historically; geographical themes of petroleum, water, and boundaries; common concerns of each state; and conflicts arising from relations within, between and among the states
Atlas of the Middle East. 2003 [National Geographic Society]
Includes maps of nations, regional themes
including physical geography, climate, water, oil, population, ethnic
and linguistic groups, religion, development indicators, and regional
conflicts from 1945-2002.
State of the Middle East: An Atlas of Conflict and Resolution. 2006
Maps arranged in three parts: Shaping of the Middle East; Arenas of Conflict; and State of the Nations
Cover history, conflict by country, and social, cultural, and economic issues of the region
Each topic is accompanied by a narrative
Other features include chronologies, charts and graphs
Routledge Atlas of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. 2002
the time period from 1000 BC to 2001
Arranged in the following categories:
Prelude to Conflict; Jewish National Home; Conflict Intensifies; State
of Israel; After the Six Day War; Yom Kippur War; Camp David and Afterward
Maps accompanied by insets with narrative that provides context
Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations. 4 vols. 1997
the history of U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East from World War
II to the mid 1990s. See the overview article on the Middle East, as
well as articles on individual countries and topics such as the Gulf
War of 1990, Hussein, Iran-Contra Affair, Oil and Foreign Policy, and
OPEC. Accompanying bibliographies provide suggestions for further reading.
American Foreign Relations Since 1600: A Guide to the Literature. 2nd
ed. 2 vols. 2003
list of resources published by the Society for Historians of American
Foreign Relations. Includes U.S. document collections, personal papers,
bibliographies, historiography and biographies for a time period as
well as overviews of relations between the U.S. and other countries
foreign relations with the Middle East see:1:259 - 1:262 for Reference Works & Bibliographies; 2:253 - 2:262 and 2:402 - 2:427 for Overviews and Syntheses; 6:271- 6:282 for the years 1815- 1860; 13:143 - 13:175 for the years 1899-1919;
All of chapter 16 for between the World Wars; and Chapter 29 for the years
since 1961, which lists resources by country and issues, such as oil, Arab nationalism, Islam & Orientalism, terrorism, Arab-Israeli conflict, nuclear weapons, water, and crises/wars.
Regional/country references include books and some journal
To determine if any of the items that you find are available
in the Cook Library or another USM library, check the
USMAI Catalog for books and the Journal List for access to journals that Cook Library owns
United States in the Middle East: A Historical Dictionary.1988
Although dated, this volume focuses primarily on diplomats, scholars,
and others involved in U.S. - Middle East relations between 1831 - 1986.
Supplemental features include a chronology, listings of individuals
by profession and occupation, chiefs
of American diplomatic missions, and a bibliograhical essay describing important books that document the relationship between the two regions
in the 5th floor stacks
American Secretaries of
State and Their Diplomacy. 20 vols. 1963 -
begins with Robert R. Livingston, who served as Secretary for Foreign
Affairs of the Continental Congress from 1781 - 1783, to Cyrus Vance,
who served as Secretary of State from 1977 - 1980 under President Jimmy
Each volume is enhanced by notes
that reference primary sources and a topical index.
in the 5th floor stacks
The United States in World Affairs. Annual. 1931 - 1971 [Council on Foreign Relations]
Annual highlights of U.S. foreign relations
Articles on the Middle East (e.g. Palestine, Iran, Turkey, Suez Canal) begin to appear in the late 1940s -
Cites primary sources
See help guide that offers strategies for finding primary resources.
Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection of the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training
Transcripts of interviews with U.S. diplomatic personnel
Mostly Foreign Service Officers, with some political appointees and other officials
Focus on post-World War II diplomacy from late 1940s to the 1990s with a few from 1920s - 1930s
Browse by interviewee or broad subjects such as Berlin Airlift/Wall, Cuban Missile Crisis, Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Israel-Arab War/ Six Day War, Kremlin/Politburo, Nuclear Nonproliferation, NAFTA, Suez Crisis
For a more specific topic, search for words in the full text of interviews
Research Reports for the People
Prepared by staff of the Library of Congress Congressional Research
Service and are intended to provide an overview of the legislative topics
being addressed by the U.S. Congress
Intended to provide fact-rich,
unbiased, non-technical background information on policy issues, including foreign relations between the United States and other countries and regions of the world
site allows keyword searching of and provides summaries for over 8,000
zFacts is another service that provides access to about 16,000 research reports.
links to U.S. Presidential libraries, which provide selected primary
sources. Also explains various types of presidential documents
and how they can be useful in your research.
and Foreign Policy section of this site, you will find links
to other primarysources
such as the U.S. State Department publications, including many of the
volumes of Foreign
Relations of the U.S.
published since 1945. Series presents the official documentary historical
record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic
volumes drawn from the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon/Ford administrations.
University of Wisconsin Libraries provides electronic access
and keyword searching to a substantial run of those volumes published
also owns print copies of Foreign Relations of the U.S.
from 1861 to most current available, which run behind by over thirty years. These can be found on the 5th floor of the library
with the call number KZ233 U55.
in the 5th floor stacks
Documents on American
Foreign Relations. 1938 - 1970
[World Peace Foundation/Council on Foreign Relations]
for their significance to U.S. foreign relations. Published annually.
not limited to U.S. government sources.
Documents are accompanied by
introductory historical essays in the later volumes. primary
American Foreign Relations,
published from 1971-1978 continues the set.
in the 5th floor stacks
Dynamics of World Power: A Documentary History of United States Foreign Policy, 1945 - 1973
Primary sources including statements by U.S. officials, policy directives, diplomatic communications, and interntational agreements
Areas covered include: Western Europe; Eastern Europe & Soviet Union; Latin America; Far East; United Nations; and Subsaharan Africa
five years are shelved in the Reference stacks, earlier years are in
the general stacks on the 5th floor of the library.
sources and excerpts of primary sources that chronicle the
events of each year from 1972 to date.
Although the documents selected
represent worldwide events, the main focus is on the U.S.
of Contents provides quick access to documents regarding International
Affairs - Middle East or use the Cumulative Index, especially by country
Sources are drawn from the U.S. government, non-U.S. governments,
to many primary sources including communiques, policy statements, documents,
speeches, and treaties. Topical arrangement of sources covering antisemitism
and the Holocaust, terrorism and the peace process. Links to other Web
sites on archaeology, culture, society, health, business, education,
and media in Israel.
MIFTAH: Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy
"...a non-governmental non-partisan Jerusalem-based institution dedicated to fostering democracy and good governance within Palestinian society through promoting public accountability, transparency, the free flow of information and ideas, and the challenging of stereotyping at home and abroad." - from the site
Primary sources include: press releases; online petitions; reports; polls; maps; letters & speeches; agreements & treaties; and UN resolutions.
the search feature to retrieve documents by keyword(s) or by type of document including
news, speeches, events and press releases. This is an efficient and
precise way to search the Web site, as it allows boolean (and, or, not)
and phrase searching.
this publisher's site does not provide direct access to these British
government documents, it lists compilations of documents that it has
published on the Middle East by title and by subject.
Once in the list of Middle East titles, you can sort by topic or country
Click on a title
of interest to read an extensive description of the collection.
Next check in WorldCat,
the online database available through the Cook Library Web Site, to
determine if any libraries in the MD/DC area have the title. Georgetown
University Library in DC owns a significant number of them.
Yearbook of the United
Five current years kept in Reference. Earlier editions in general stacks
on the 5th floor of the library
presents comprehensive coverage of the U.N.'s activities for the year.
The texts of major resolutions and decisions, as well as the accompanying
procedural details and recorded or roll-call votes, of the General Assemby,
the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council are reproduced
Provides a collection of images of the Middle East from " original phototgraphs, post cards, historical documents and art objects from Levant, Mesopotamia, and Egypt"....some dating back to the mid-1800s
Search by keyword or browse by city, religion, people, design & architecture, or historic event
updated site that provides links to current news stories and links to
other Web sites arranged by topics including Sunni, Shi'ism, Sufism,
Muslim Women, Qur'an, Jihad, Islam history,culture and society.
formed to promote and educate the American public about a peaceful solution
for both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Focus placed on
the Israeli settlements in the occupied territories and their relationship
to the peace process. Provides reports
on the settlements. The Resources
section includes the full text of official documents
related to the peace process. Includes primary
maintained by a group of people, mostly from the Middle East, to promote
Arab Jewish dialog and peace education. Provides current news stories
and various sources of information on the Middle East. Includes full
text of peace process documents
and historical and political maps. Includes primary
Guide to information
related to the study of the Ancient Near East
Provides electronic access to a bibliography
of primary and secondary sources of information on the Middle East.
Allows keyword searching of content.
Internet History Sourcebooks
created by Professor Paul Halsall and hosted by Fordham University provides
links to historical texts that are freely available on the Web. There
are various sections of this site that provide materials related to
the Middle East. These include the Ancient
History Sourcebook, the Medieval
Sourcebook, the Middle
East since 1914, and sections on Islamic
and the Jewish
Indexes and Databases to Find Articles, News and Interviews
The following research databases,
which index primarily secondary, but some primary sources, are available
only through the Cook
Library Web site. To access these from off campus, you will be prompted to enter your 14-digit Library ID on the front of your Towson University OneCard and your last name.
online database that indexes English-language articles from magazines,
journals, and newspapers. Many of the articles indexed here are available
electronically or in print through Cook Library.
Once you're in Academic
Search, you might want to click on the CHOOSE DATABASES tab to search
other EBSCO databases such as Humanties Abstracts, MasterFILE,
and Social Sciences Abstracts at the same time for additional
from scholarly journals in social,
polical, and economic history.
Content focus is on countries other than United States and Canada, covering
the time period from 1450 to present.
Some of the articles indexed are available electronically or in print
through Cook Library.
from scholarly journals in social, polical, and economic history. Content
focus is on the United States and Canada, covering
the time period from 1450 to present.
Some of the articles indexed are available electronically or in print
through Cook Library.
and access the full text of 450 major scholarly journals in all disciplines
from their first issue up to four years ago.
Coverage complements the more current coverage of the EBSCO databases,
America History & Life, and Historical Abstracts.
Check out special Research Feature - Focus On: Unrest in the Arab World,which includes reports and articles chronologically arranged on uprisings in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Oman, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen
Read about U.S. policy regarding the'Arab Spring' Movement and note left menu bar which leads to Overviews on Issues and Controversies regarding relations with the U.S.
full text of current newspaper articles from major international English-language
New York Times (1980 - ) and Washington Post (1977 - )
and news transcripts from U.S. networks, U.S. government and Al-Jazeera.
a search of Major World Papers, click on Power Search from the entry page of LexisNexis
Click on show options to search for words in the headline and lead paragraph (HLEAD)
from the Middle East, click on the Sources tab, Browse Sources > Countries > Middle East > News and then select the sources that you want to search . Full text of Jerusalem Post (1989 - ), Al-Bawaba
(11/2002 - ), and Mideast Mirror (12/1993 - )
interviews, select News Transcripts, including
, and search the word 'interview'
and a person's name (e.g. interview and saddam hussein) in the HEADLINE
Specify date as desired
For a broader selection of news transcripts, click on the Sources tab, Browse Sources >News > News Transcripts, and select from other transcripts in LexisNexis
To search all transcripts at once, click in the box next to Transcripts
conferences between heads of state, select Federal News Service(1988 to current) andCQ Transcripts(1995 to current),
then type in keywords in the search fields (For example, try searching ...bush... [HEADLINE] and ...hussein...
[HLEAD] and see what you get.)
Other transcripts that may prove useful are National Narrowcast (10/1993- 7/2000), CQ Congressional Testimony (7/1993 to current), and FDCH News Service Capitol Report (1995 - 9/1999) - Click on "i" to learn what each resource covers
There are various Web sources that provide up-to-date world news other than
newspaper home pages. For example, try CNN
Google and Yahoo
provide links to news stories, arranged by world region, from a wide variety
of sources. To locate stories on a particular country in Google News, type
in the name of the country.Yahoo also provides access to stories by country.
full text and full image of all articles.
Issues for 1986 - 1989 are available on microfilm on the 2nd floor of Cook Library.
The following print resources index magazine, journal, and newspaper
articles that were published earlier than the online databases cover. They
index material published in English from the 18th century to the first half
of the 20th century. They are shelved on the back wall of the main (3rd)
floor of Cook Library. Those articles that were published during the time
of an event would be considered primary sources.
Palmer's Index to the
Times Newspaper (London). 1785-
of London is available on microfilm in the Periodicals Room on the 2nd
floor of Cook Library.
International Index to
Periodicals, Devoted Chiefly to Humanities and Science.
Sciences & Humanities Index
[Ref A13 S6]
Sciences Index 1974 -1997.
[Ref A13 S611]
Reader's Guide to Periodical
Literature . 1900
general interest and news magazines
Index to Periodical Literature
[Ref A13 P7]
Contributors include academics, former policymakers, journalists, and political analysts
Scope includes: "Israel and its neighbors, Iran's nuclear program and domestic politics, Iraq, Islamist movements, the Gulf, Turkey, and North Africa, and the struggle for reform and democracy." - from the website