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Resources on Promoting Academic Integrity & Avoiding Plagiarism

Towson University's Student Academic Integrity Policy

Resources for Students

Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Recognize and Avoid It [Indiana University, Bloomington]

  • Brief overview with examples

Avoiding Plagiarism [Owl: Purdue Writing Lab]

  • Includes overview, safe practices, and exercises

How Not to Plagiarize [University of Toronto]

  • When is it necessary to credit your sources? This Web page gives some clear examples that will help you answer that question.

Academic Integrity Tutorial [York University, Canada]

  • Do you know plagiarism when you see it? Test your detective skills with this tutorial.

Academic Integrity: Resources for Students [University of Michigan Library]

  • Overview, exercises, citing, research habits & strategies

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Resources For Faculty

Plagiarism: What Should a Teacher Do?

  • Rebecca Moore Howard discusses different "textual phenomena" presented in student papers, which she thinks should be labelled more specifically than lumping them together under plagiarism. She considers these instances rather as being "fraud, patchwriting, failure to cite, and failure to quote."

Preventing Academic Dishonesty [ From Tools for Teaching/ Barbara Gross Davis]

  • Includes information on general strategies, plagiarism, research papers, exam questions, and administration of tests

VAIL: Virtual Academic Integrity Laboratory [University of Maryland University College]

  • This site provides tutorials and guides for encouraging academic honesty, including sections for student and for faculty
  • Check under Guides for information such as Preventing Academic Dishonesty and Designing Assignments, which covers best practices for creating assignments that encourage academic honesty and Plagiarism Alarms!, which provides tips for identifying plagiarism in student writing
  • Also provides Tutorials on avoiding plagiarism and copyright ownership

Guide to Plagiarism and Cyber-Plagiarism [University of Alberta Libraries]

  • Provides information and resources on what faculty can do to prevent, detect, and report plagiarism
  • Presents a comprehensive overview of the reasons why students plagiarize
  • Also includes a section on resources for students

Anti-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers [Virtual Salt]

  • Covers strategies of awareness, prevention, and detection for faculty

Yahoo's List of Research Paper Companies

  • Links to services that sell term papers.

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Resources for Faculty Teaching Online

Thomas, D. (2005, May 12). Encouraging academic honesty toolkit. Center for Faculty Development. University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center. Retrieved August 4, 2010,
from http://www.ucdenver.edu/faculty_staff/faculty/center-for-faculty-development/Documents/academic_honesty.pdf

  • Why students cheat and techniques for prevention and detection
  • Extensive discussion of the importance of academic integrity policy/code with the students. Specific suggestions regarding grading, tests, clear expectations, citing, and how to handle instances of cheating

Christie, B. (2003). Designing online courses to discourage dishonesty. Educause Quartery, 4. Retrieved August 4, 2010, from http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/eqm0348.pdf

  • Based on the premise that the best way to encourage academic honesty is to plan a course thoughtfully
  • Offers suggestions regarding syllabus design, presentation of content, the student/instructor relationship, assessment/test design, and techniques for monitoring student behavior

Krsak, A.M. (2007). Curbing academic dishonesty in online courses. In C. P. Ho (Ed.) Voyaging into a new era. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Technology, Community & Colleges Worldwide Online Conference. Retrieved August 4, 2010, from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

  • Click on CACHED icon to retrieve the document
  • Provides a review of the literature and strategies for designing online courses that minimize academic dishonesty

McNett, M. (2005). Making an online course plagiarism resistant. Virtual Guest Lectures. Illinois Online Network. Retrieved from http://www.ion.uillinois.edu/courses/instructors/guestlectures/mcnett/index.asp

  • Focus on assignment design that addresses time management, a major cause of plagiarism and allows the instructor to track a student's progress
  • Each class assignment represents a step in the research process that culminates in a final project

Olt, M.R. (2002, Fall). Ethics and distance education: Strategies for minimizing academic dishonesty in online assessment. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 5(3). Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/fall53/olt53.html

  • Discussion of four strategies that help to keep incidences of academic dishonesty at a minimum
  • Includes: recognizing potential problems and creating an environment that encourages and rewards academic honesty; designing effective and creative assignments; modifying assignments frequently; and clarifying expectations by discussing academic integrity policy

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Additional Resources for use in online settings:

Alt, J., Kenkel, C., & Lim, C.L. (2005). Deterrents to online academic dishonesty. Journal of Learning in Higher Education, 1(1), 17-22. Retrieved from http://jwpress.com/JLHE/JLHE-OnLineIssues.htm

Ercogovac, A., & Richardson, J.V. Jr. (2004). Academic dishonesty, plagiarism included, in the digital age: A literature review. College & Research Libraries, 65(4), 301-318. Retrieved from http://crl.acrl.org/content/65/4/301.full.pdf

Kelley, K.B., & Bonner K. (2005). Digital text, distance education and academic dishonesty: Faculty and administrator perceptions and responses. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 9(1), 43-52. Available from http://www.msmc.la.edu/include/learning_resources/online_course_environment/online_teaching/v9n1_dishonesty.pdf

McNabb, L., & Olmstead, A. (2009). Communities of integrity in online courses: Faculty member beliefs and strategies. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 5(2). Retrieved from http://jolt.merlot.org/vol5no2/mcnabb_0609.htm

Roberts, T. (Ed.) (2008). Student plagiarism in an online world [EBSCO eBook Collection]. Available from http://web.ebscohost.com

  • Requires login with TU NetID

Varvel, E.V. (2005). Honesty in online education. Pointers & Clickers, 6(1). Illinois Online Network. Retrieved from http://www.ion.uillinois.edu/resources/pointersclickers/2005_01/VarvelCheatPoint2005.pdf

Outlines reasons for cheating and strategies for promoting honesty including specific examples for educating students about cheating, providing technical and research support, building community, practicing good pedagogy, and creating effective assessments, both tests and assignments. Offers tips for detecting plagiarism.

Programs for Detecting Plagiarism


  • Plagiarism software program available to TU faculty through Blackboard, which allows faculty to create assignments that require students to submit papers which are checked against the Internet, ProQuest ABI/Inform database, Institutional document archives and a Global Reference Database
  • Check the OTS Self-Help Center, under Creating Assessments for guides using SafeAssign including: Create a SafeAssignment, Using SafeAssign, Grade a Plagiarism Prevention Assignment, and Understanding a SafeAssign Report

Additional Reading

Resources: Plagiarism and Academic Integrity [New York Times Learning Network]

  • A collection of lesson plans, student opinion questions, recent related NYT articles, link to Times topic page on plagiarism, and resources around the web

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The URL for this Web page is http://pages.towson.edu/sara/plagiarism.html

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