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Political Parties & Elections

  Parties & Platforms: Background & History


Political Parties & Elections in the United States: An Encyclopedia
. 1991.
Summary information on elections through 1988, political parties, other organizations and movements, and individuals.


Encyclopedia of Third Parties in America
. 3v. 2000.
Sections on third parties in history, third-party maps, biographies of significant individuals connected with third parties.


Encyclopedia of Third Parties in the United States
. 1991.
Alphabetic listing. Includes references with each entry and a chronology with years and places of origin of minor parties.

Political Party Platforms [American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara]

  • Republican and Democratic party platforms and several historical third party platforms ranging from 1840 to the last election


National Party Conventions, 1831 - 2004
. 2005.
Candidates, parties/platforms per election, key convention ballots, historical profiles of American political parties.


National Party Platforms
. 2v. 1978.
Covers 1840 - 1976.


State Party Profiles
. 1997 .
Brief profiles of the Republican, Democratic, and other critical third parties within each state. Includes party history, organizational development, current party organization, and a list of additional resources for each state.

  Parties & Platforms: Current


Politics1: Directory of U.S. Political Parties

  • Alphabetic arrangement of current political parties with links to party Web sites and key players.

Project Vote Smart: Political Parties

  • An alphabetic list of U.S. political parties, including links to their official Web sites

For current party agenda/platforms visit the Web site of a party. Some examples:

go to top

Elections: Background & History


Elections A to Z
. 1999.

  • Guide to the current issues, history, and concepts behind attaining political office in the U.S. (the electoral process).


Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections.

  • Comprehensive data on elections for president, governor, senator, and representative.

Presidential Elections Data [American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara]

  • Presidential election statistics from 1789 to the last election, including totals for the U.S. and by state (1824 to the last election)

U.S. Electoral College

  • Background information and statistics on the Electoral College. Links to additional resources.


The Book of the States. [annual]

  • Information on state elections, campaign finance and initiatives.

  Elections: Current

Politico: Election 2012

RealClear Politics: Elections

  • Also, check website index under election

Project VoteSmart: Elections


Rasmussen Reports

Roll Call

Washington Post : Campaigns

New York Times: Poll Watch

CNN: Election Center

The Green Papers: Election Information

The Hill: Campaign

Election Projection



D.C.'s Political Report

  • Summaries of all Congressional, Gubernatorial, and state-wide races. Includes links to candidates, elected offices, government agencies, political parties and political organizations.
  • Archive back to 1986


  • Provides links to a wide selection of election resources including current news, blogs, transcripts & speeches, and videos
  • Estimates odds for the presidential election, the Electoral College votes, and "battle ground" states

Federal Election Commission

  • Post-election financial summaries of candidates, parties, and PAC's, and searchable databases on individual, committee, and candidate contributions.


International Sources


Political Handbook of the World
. [Latest on Reference.]
Arranged by country. Sections on government and politics, political parties, legislature, and news media for each country.

Election Resources on the Internet

  • Directory that links to websites that provide national and local election statistics worldwide

International IDEA

  • International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, an intergovernmental organization
  • Links to various resources including reports, handbooks, working and policy papers, editorials and interviews that provide analysis of issues surrounding elections
  • Also maintains statistical databases on various aspects of the electoral process

Election Guide

  Legal Sources

LexisNexis Academic

  • Research databases that is accessible with a TU NetID
  • Click on US Legal on the menu bar on the left of the screen.
    Primary resources include full text of federal codes (laws) and regulations and state codes (laws). Secondary resources include legal news and law reviews.
  • International Legal includes primary and secondary sources from Canada, EU, and other nations

Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School
Searchable directory of topical index to the law. Covers constitutions and code, court opinions. Includes state, federal, and international law.

  Online Databases
= full text = some full text = no full text
Academic Search [EbscoHost]
Search for citations, abstracts and some full text articles from magazines and journals in various disciplines including Political Science, Law and History.

Social Sciences Abstracts
Search for citations and abstracts from journals in the social sciences.













Lexis Nexis Academic

For Major Newspapers: Under Search, click on Power Search. Next to Sources, select US Newspapers & Wires from the drop-down menu. Provides full text of major U. S. newspapers including New York Times (1980 - ) and Washington Post (1977 - ) and Baltimore Sun (last 6 months only).

  • Click on show options to select specific document sections
  • Type in appropriate topic next to the word Terms
  • Select HLEAD to search for your words in the article title and lead paragraph
  • Click on the blue button - Add to Search
  • Specify date, as desired, by selecting from the drop-down menu below the search term box
  • Once you get a list of results, Sort by Relevance to change the arrangement of results so that the "best" articles are listed first, instead of the "most current".

Note: The truncation symbol in this database is !. For example, environment! = environment, environments, environmental

For State/Local Newspapers & News Services: For full text of U.S. newspapers, click on Sources. Select United States. Select appropriate state. Select News folder.

  • Select state news folder.
  • Click on show options to select specific document sections
  • Select HLEAD to search for your words in the article title and lead paragraph
  • Type in appropriate topic

NOTE: The truncation symbol in this database is !. For example, environment! = environment, environments, environmental, etc.

National Newspapers

  • Provides full text of the Washington Post, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Christian Science Monitor.
  • Most papers are included from the mid-1980s to date; click on Publications to search for an individual paper
  • Use Advanced Search screen to limit to date/s or to search for your words in the title or lead paragraph (abstract) of an article

America: History and Life
Search for abstracts of articles from scholarly journals in History and social sciences.
Best source for historical topics.

JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive
Provides full text of journals basic to each field from their inception, generally up to 5 years prior to the current date. Includes American Journal of Political Science, American Political Science Review, Journal of Politics, Political Science Quarterly, Public Opinion Quarterly, American Historical Review.

The URL for this Web page is http://pages.towson.edu/sara/polpart.html
See also Congress http://pages.towson.edu/sara/congress.html

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